Middle Yangtze




J. Hales



Major Habitat Type

Temperate upland rivers

Drainages flowing into

East China Sea

Main rivers to other water bodies

In addition to the Yangtze (Chang Jiang), tributaries in this ecoregion include the Min, Tuo, Jialing, Wu, and Qing rivers.



This ecoregion includes the stretch of the Yangtze east of the Tibetan Plateau that passes through the Sichuan basin and Yangtze Gorges (Three Gorges) to the confluence of the with the Qing River.

Terrestrial habitats

Terrestrial ecoregions that largely comprise this ecoregion include the Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests, Qionglai-Minshan conifer foress, Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests, Daba Mountains evergreen forests, and Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests (Wikramanayake et al. 2002).

Justification for delineation

For Southeast Asia, delineations were determined using a bottom-up approach that employed both published and unpublished field data and expert assessment (Abell et al. 2008). Some of the delineations for this ecoregion were based on information from Li (1981) and Ding (1994).


  • Abell, Robin,M.L. Thieme,C. Revenga,M. Bryer,M. Kottelat,N. Bogutskaya,B. Coad,N. Mandrak,S.C. Balderas,W. Bussing,M.L.J. Stiassny,P. Skelton,G.R. Allen,P. Unmack,A. Naseka,R. Ng,N. Sindorf,J. Robertson,E. Armijo,J.V. Higgins,T.J. Heibel,E. Wikramanayake, (2008). "Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Biogeographic Units for Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation" BioScience 58 (5) pp. 403-414.
  • Li, Sizhong (1981). "Studies on zoogeographical divisions for fresh water fishes of China" Beijing, China: Science Press.
  • Wikramanayake, Eric,Dinerstein, Eric,Loucks, C.,Olson, D.M.,Morrison, J.,Lamoreux, J. L.,McKnight, M.;Hedao, P. (2002). "Terrestrial ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: A conservation assessment" Washington, DC: Island Press.
  • Ding, R. (1994). "The fishes of Sichuan" Sichuan Scientific Press pp. 315-319.