Major Habitat Type
Tropical and subtropical coastal rivers
Drainages flowing into
East China Sea, Taiwan Strait, and South China Sea
Main rivers to other water bodies
Tamshui, Touchien, Tachia, Zhuoshui, Tsengwen, and Kaoping rivers
This ecoregion includes the basins on the island of Taiwan that drain west of the Chungyang Range into the East China Sea, Taiwan Strait, and South China Sea. It includes the Penghu Islands.
The terrestrial ecoregions include the Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests [IM0172] and South Taiwan monsoon rain forests [IM0171] at the southern end of the island (Wikramanayake et al. 2002).
Description of endemic fishes
Nearly a quarter of the described species are endemic, including the endemic genera Pararasbora and Candidia.
Justification for delineation
For Southeast Asia, delineations were determined using a bottom-up approach that employed both published and unpublished field data and expert assessment (Abell et al. 2008). The ecoregion’s delineation follows Chen and Fang (1999). It includes around 17 described endemic species and the endemic genera Pararasbora and Candidia.
- Abell, Robin,M.L. Thieme,C. Revenga,M. Bryer,M. Kottelat,N. Bogutskaya,B. Coad,N. Mandrak,S.C. Balderas,W. Bussing,M.L.J. Stiassny,P. Skelton,G.R. Allen,P. Unmack,A. Naseka,R. Ng,N. Sindorf,J. Robertson,E. Armijo,J.V. Higgins,T.J. Heibel,E. Wikramanayake, (2008). "Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Biogeographic Units for Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation" BioScience 58 (5) pp. 403-414.
- Chen, I. Shiung;Fang, Lee-Shing (1999). "The freshwater and estuarine fishes of Taiwan" Pingtung, Taiwan: National Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium.
- Wikramanayake, Eric,Dinerstein, Eric,Loucks, C.,Olson, D.M.,Morrison, J.,Lamoreux, J. L.,McKnight, M.;Hedao, P. (2002). "Terrestrial ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: A conservation assessment" Washington, DC: Island Press.