Ganges Himalayan Foothills
Indian Control Claimed by China
Major Habitat Type
Drainages flowing into
Bay of Bengal
This ecoregion includes basins on the southern slope of the Himalayas within the Ganges basin (India, Nepal, China).
Description of endemic fishes
11 endemic species
Justification for delineation
For Southeast Asia, delineations were determined using a bottom-up approach that employed both published and unpublished field data and expert assessment (Abell et al. 2008). Delineation of this ecoregion was defined by topography and climate. The exact boundary with the Upper Brahmaputra [ecoregion 711] is not clear. It is likely that fish diversity is underestimated due to confused taxonomy, especially within groups with the highest diversity (actual or potential) (M. Kottelat pers. comm. 2006).
- Abell, Robin,M.L. Thieme,C. Revenga,M. Bryer,M. Kottelat,N. Bogutskaya,B. Coad,N. Mandrak,S.C. Balderas,W. Bussing,M.L.J. Stiassny,P. Skelton,G.R. Allen,P. Unmack,A. Naseka,R. Ng,N. Sindorf,J. Robertson,E. Armijo,J.V. Higgins,T.J. Heibel,E. Wikramanayake, (2008). "Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Biogeographic Units for Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation" BioScience 58 (5) pp. 403-414.
- Menon, A.G.K. (1974). "A check list of fishes of the Himalayan and the Indo-gangetic plains. Inland Fisheries Society of India"