Hamgyong - Sanmaek




J. Hales


Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
Korea, Republic of

Major Habitat Type

Temperate coastal rivers

Drainages flowing into

Sea of Japan



This ecoregion includes the rivers of Korea draining to the eastern coast from Sokcho in South Korea northwards to the Hunchun River in Russia.

Description of endemic fishes

2 endemic species

Justification for delineation

Delineations were determined using a bottom-up approach that employed both published and unpublished field data and expert assessment (Abell et al. 2008; Kim 1997). This ecoregion was distinguished by its fauna and zoogeography (M. Kottelat pers. comm. 2006).

Level of taxonomic exploration

There is very little data for Northern Korea, and the data not well reconciled with the adjacent areas of China and Russia (M. Kottelat pers. comm. 2006).


  • Abell, Robin,M.L. Thieme,C. Revenga,M. Bryer,M. Kottelat,N. Bogutskaya,B. Coad,N. Mandrak,S.C. Balderas,W. Bussing,M.L.J. Stiassny,P. Skelton,G.R. Allen,P. Unmack,A. Naseka,R. Ng,N. Sindorf,J. Robertson,E. Armijo,J.V. Higgins,T.J. Heibel,E. Wikramanayake, (2008). "Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Biogeographic Units for Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation" BioScience 58 (5) pp. 403-414.
  • Kim, I.-S. (1997) Illustrated encyclopedia of fauna and flora of Korea; Vol 37: Freshwater fishes The National Textbook Company Ltd : Korea