Sri Lanka Dry Zone
Major Habitat Type
Tropical and subtropical coastal rivers
Drainages flowing into
Includes all of Sri Lanka, except for streams in the wet zone [ecoregion 718].
Description of endemic fishes
The ecoregion contains endemic species, although there are three species that are endemic to Sri Lanka [ecoregions 717, 718].
Justification for delineation
For Southeast Asia, delineations were determined using a bottom-up approach that employed both published and unpublished field data and expert assessment (Abell et al. 2008; Pethiyagoda 1991). The ecoregion is distinguished from ecoregion 718 by differences in climate and fauna. It shares similar fauna, but different vegetation and climate with the Southeastern Ghats [ecoregion 716] on the Indian Peninsula (M. Kottelat pers. comm. 2006).
- Abell, Robin,M.L. Thieme,C. Revenga,M. Bryer,M. Kottelat,N. Bogutskaya,B. Coad,N. Mandrak,S.C. Balderas,W. Bussing,M.L.J. Stiassny,P. Skelton,G.R. Allen,P. Unmack,A. Naseka,R. Ng,N. Sindorf,J. Robertson,E. Armijo,J.V. Higgins,T.J. Heibel,E. Wikramanayake, (2008). "Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Biogeographic Units for Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation" BioScience 58 (5) pp. 403-414.
- Pethiyagoda, R. (1991). "Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka" Colombo, Sri Lanka: Wildlife Heritage Trust.